August 22, 2023
Ministry Voice

Why Was the Book of Matthew Written? Reasons Behind the Gospel’s Creation

Matthew is one of four canonical gospels found within the New Testament that serves as an essential bridge between the Old and New Testaments by portraying Jesus Christ as their promised messiah from Jewish tradition. Long believed to have been written by tax collector Matthew, an apostle of Jesus himself, his gospel has drawn considerable acclaim due to its unique emphasis on Jesus fulfilling Old Testament prophecies through Him and its historical background, intended audience, and theological implications. Our purpose in this article will be to investigate why it came about, by investigating its historical background context intended audience, and theological importance.

Historical Context and Jewish-Christian Link in Matthew’s Gospel

At its heart, Matthew’s Gospel likely dates to the second half of the first century CE when tension between emerging Christian communities and mainstream Jewish groups was palpable. To ease that tension, its author used numerous references from Hebrew Scriptures to cast Jesus as both their legitimate Messiah as well as God’s ultimate promise fulfillment for Israel; making an impressive effort at creating continuity between Jewish and Christian narratives while making for more inclusive faith practices.

Indeed, Matthew serves as an important bridge between Old and New Testament traditions, as evidenced by its frequent references to Hebrew Scripture to support Jesus’ identity as Messiah and its genealogy that connects Jesus back to Jewish patriarchs – further emphasizing Jesus’ relationship to Jewish tradition and peoplehood. By weaving both traditions together into one cohesive whole, Matthew crafts an interpretation that appeals to both Jewish and Christian readers alike.

The book of Matthew is also an indispensable guidebook for early Christian communities seeking to live like followers of Jesus. By outlining Jesus’ core teachings and ethical code for his followers (i.e. Sermon on the Mount), this gospel provides followers with both practical and spiritual direction in their faith journeys. Other teachings found within Matthew such as Beatitudes, Lord’s Prayer, and other central doctrines provide a practical spiritual framework for adhering to faith journeys.

Matthew’s Gospel Stands Out for Its Unique Structure and Theological Themes

Matthew’s gospel stands out for its intricate structure and organization, depicting Jesus’ life and teachings through five major discourses that all end with “when Jesus had finished.” This arrangement may reflect authorial intent to draw parallels between Jesus’ teachings and Jewish texts such as Torah or Psalter – thus reinforcing that Jesus is God’s fulfillment to Israel through fulfilling God’s promises made centuries prior to Jesus coming as their savior!

Another central theme throughout the narrative is understanding Jesus both as a historical figure and a divine being. The gospel emphasizes His human experiences such as temptation in the wilderness or mourning John the Baptist’s death while asserting His divine nature and authority simultaneously, providing followers a more relatable image while maintaining an appreciation of his divine mission. This delicate balance allows readers to recognize Jesus while remaining well-informed of His missionary endeavors.

Matthew places great emphasis on the “kingdom of heaven”. While Mark emphasizes earthly affairs more heavily, Matthew emphasizes spiritual matters and their intersection with physical realities – encouraging readers to look beyond immediate circumstances for greater and divine realities beyond their current existence.

Conclusion: The Enduring Legacy of Matthew in Christianity

Overall, Matthew’s Book offers an indispensable foundation for Christianity. By portraying Jesus as both human and divine simultaneously in its gospel pages, Matthew challenges readers to emulate His teachings while hoping for their eternal kingdom of heaven’s future. Historically significant, its effect can still be felt throughout Christian communities worldwide today and provides inspiration and strength of faith among millions worldwide Christians today.

At its heart, Matthew’s Gospel serves to reinforce Jesus as Christ as well as provide an engaging narrative bridging Jewish and Christian traditions, along with guidance to followers about values and practices associated with following him. Today its influence can be felt across Christian traditions, theologies, and worship services worldwide.

Influence of Matthew on Christian Thought and Practice

Matthew has played an influential role in shaping Christian doctrines and inspiring believers for centuries. With its portrayal of Jesus both as historical personage and divine Son of God, followers can engage with both aspects of his personhood – understanding His humanity while respecting his divine status – without alienation or confusion.

Ethical teachings found throughout the gospel continue to offer guidance for modern-day Christians looking to live lives centered on Christ. The Sermon on the Mount remains an authoritative text for Christian ethics, emphasizing humility, mercy, empathy, and generosity amidst an age filled with suffering and injustice. Furthermore, Jesus’ instructions regarding prayer, forgiveness, and generosity which were transmitted via his gospel have become central practices among many believers today.

Matthew’s Gospel and its Global Impression on Christian Tradition

Matthew has had an undeniable global effect on Christian traditions across cultures, creeds, and denominations. Widely read and referenced within Christianity itself, its teachings and themes have permeated the consciousness of Christians worldwide bringing unanimity around shared beliefs.

The Book of Matthew has long been used by Christian theologians, clergy, and laity alike for interpretation, analysis, and application across Christian denominations and traditions. It has had an enormous effect on liturgy, prayers, hymns, and architectural design for places of worship as well as being used as an important source for biblical quotations in literature relating to faith for generations – making Matthew one of its key sources!

Further, Matthew’s gospel’s celebration of Jewish roots of Christian belief has promoted interfaith dialogue and led to a greater appreciation of both traditions. By emphasizing Jesus as fulfilling Old Testament prophecies, Matthew provides opportunities for understanding and reconciliation between Christian and Jewish communities.

Matthew’s Gospel in an Evolving World

Even as our world changes rapidly around us, the Book of Matthew remains a source of constant guidance and inspiration for Christians worldwide. A testament to Jesus’ life, ministry, and teachings as recorded in Matthew’s gospel offers numerous insights into God’s kingdom and what its followers should expect despite modern society’s many obstacles posed to believers by continuing faith; Matthew remains as an instrument to foster deeper and more transformative connections to Jesus Christ himself.

Overall, the Book of Matthew remains relevant due to its ability to connect Jesus as Messiah with Old Testament fulfillment; provide practical guidelines for Christian discipleship; and bridge Jewish-Christian traditions. Recognizing its longstanding global impact on Christian thought, worship, and tradition beyond its origin in the first century CE, Matthew’s significance continues to shape faith today.

Other Common Questions Related to Why Was The Book Of Matthew Written

Who wrote Matthew?

Answer: It is widely held that Matthew himself wrote his namesake book as its author – an apostle and former tax collector himself.

When was Matthew written?

Answer: While its exact date of creation remains unknowable, most scholars agree it likely dates from sometime during the late first century AD.

Why was Matthew written?

Answer: Matthew intended to present Jesus as Israel’s promised King and Messiah.

How is Matthew organized?

Answer: Matthew’s Book is divided into five main sections that feature teachings by Jesus as well as stories about His miracles.

What are some key themes found throughout Matthew?

Answer: Key themes within Matthew are related to the kingdom of heaven, fulfilled prophecies, the role of Jesus’ teachings and discipleship, and discipleship itself.

Why was Matthew including Jesus’ genealogy in his Gospel account?

Answer: Matthew provides evidence that Jesus is descended from King David and therefore legitimate heir to Israel’s throne.

How does Matthew differ from other Gospels?

Answer: Matthew emphasizes Jesus’ Jewish roots and fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies more prominently than any of its peers.

Why does Matthew include Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount as one of its key texts?

Answer: Its significance in Matthew lies in Jesus’ teachings on what constitutes heaven’s realm, making this discourse one of His key teachings in all of Christianity (New Testament and beyond).

Why was John the Baptist prominent in Matthew?

Answer: In Matthew, John serves as an important prophetic figure who foretells Jesus by preaching repentance and baptism to prepare a way for him.

In what context are Jesus’ miracles described by Matthew?

Answer: Matthew presents Jesus’ miraculous acts as evidence of his divine nature and authority and as signs that His kingdom of heaven has arrived on Earth.

Why did Matthew use “the Son of Man” as a title for Jesus in Matthew?

Answer: Matthew used this title as an epigraph that emphasizes both Jesus’ humanity and divinity – His role as Savior to humanity was highlighted through its use.

How does Matthew depict Jesus and Jewish authorities’ relationship?

Answer: Matthew portrays a tenuous bond between Jesus and Jewish authorities who oppose His teachings and seek His execution as crucification approaches.

Why was Jesus Transfigured in Matthew?

Answer: Matthew’s account of His Transfiguration highlights its significance: Jesus revealed His divine nature for all to witness and stressed its importance for their Christian faith and understanding. It serves as a key event that highlights Jesus as the central figure of Christianity.

In what ways does Matthew emphasize discipleship?

Answer: Matthew emphasizes discipleship by providing Jesus’ teachings on living a life characterized by faith and obedience while sending out followers who continue his mission on Earth.

How does Matthew conclude, and why?

Answer: It concludes with Jesus’ Great Commission for his disciples to go all around the world making disciples from all nations – which highlights Christianity’s universal nature as it seeks to spread Good News around. This message highlights its call to spread its Good news message across cultures.


The Book of Matthew was composed for various purposes. First and foremost was to demonstrate to Jewish communities that Jesus fulfilled Old Testament prophecies regarding him as Messiah – Matthew’s gospel is heavily interlaced with Hebrew Scriptures which demonstrate this point, often quoting passages proving Jesus fulfilled them all and providing solid proof and credibility of Jesus’s claim of being their promised one.

Second, Matthew was written as an account of Jesus’s teachings and life from birth through resurrection, including some of His most memorable parables and teachings such as the Sermon on the Mount. Matthew provides us with a valuable source for comprehending his message as well as its wider world context.

Matthew’s gospel serves as an invaluable resource to Christians seeking guidance and hope from Christ’s teachings on love, compassion, and justice – essential elements to following in His footsteps – making Matthew’s book an essential reading. Furthermore, its text provides reflections on how his teachings help overcome difficulties people are currently facing in their lives through actions taken by him as seen through Matthew.

Overall, Matthew’s gospel remains an indispensable resource to deepen one’s knowledge and appreciation of Jesus and his message of love, compassion, and justice.

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