July 4, 2024
Ministry Voice

Exploring the Meaning of Hamartolos in Greek



Parts of Speech: Adjective

Hamartolos Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 47

  1. devoted to sin, a sinner
    1. not free from sin
    2. pre-eminently sinful, especially wicked
      1. all wicked men
      2. specifically of men stained with certain definite vices or crimes 1b
    3. tax collectors, heathen


What is the significance of the term “Hamartolos” in the Greek New Testament?

In the Greek New Testament, the term “Hamartolos” holds significant meaning when it comes to understanding the concept of sin and its implications in the context of the Bible. Derived from the Greek word “ἁμαρτωλός,” Hamartolos is used to describe a sinner, someone who has missed the mark or deviated from the path of righteousness outlined by God.

The term Hamartolos is not merely a descriptor of one’s actions but delves deeper into the nature of sin itself. It highlights the idea that sin is not just a mistake or an accident but a deliberate choice to go against God’s will. This term emphasizes the gravity of sin and the need for repentance and forgiveness.

When exploring the significance of Hamartolos in the Greek New Testament, it is crucial to consider its role in highlighting the human condition and the universal struggle with sin. By identifying individuals as Hamartolos, the biblical text underscores the fallen nature of humanity and the constant temptation to stray from God’s commandments.

Furthermore, the term Hamartolos points towards the solution for sin, which is ultimately found in Jesus Christ. Through His sacrifice and redemption, believers can be forgiven of their sins and restored to a right relationship with God. This highlights the transformative power of grace and the possibility of redemption for all who turn away from their sinful ways.

How is the concept of “Hamartolos” portrayed in biblical narratives?

In the Greek language, the word “Hamartolos” holds significant weight in the context of the Bible. Derived from the root word “hamartia,” meaning sin, Hamartolos refers to someone who is a sinner or who misses the mark. The portrayal of this concept in biblical narratives plays a crucial role in understanding the human condition and the need for redemption.

Throughout the Bible, the term Hamartolos is used to describe individuals who have strayed from the path of righteousness and have fallen short of God’s standards. It emphasizes the universal reality of sin and highlights the inherent sinful nature of humanity. The word serves as a reminder that all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God, as mentioned in Romans 3:23.

In biblical narratives, the concept of Hamartolos is often intertwined with themes of repentance, forgiveness, and redemption. It underscores the importance of acknowledging one’s sins, seeking forgiveness, and turning back to God. The stories of figures like King David, who committed adultery and murder but repented before God, exemplify the idea of a Hamartolos seeking forgiveness and restoration.

Furthermore, the portrayal of Hamartolos in the Bible also highlights the grace and mercy of God. Despite humanity’s sinful nature, God’s love and forgiveness are depicted as boundless and unconditional. The concept of Hamartolos serves as a backdrop against which the transformative power of God’s mercy and redemption shines brightly.

What does the term “Hamartolos” reveal about the nature of sin in Greek biblical text?

In the Greek biblical text, the term “Hamartolos” holds significant insights into the nature of sin. Derived from the root word “hamartia,” which means to miss the mark or to err, “Hamartolos” specifically refers to a sinner or one who has missed the mark in their actions or thoughts.

The concept of sin in the Greek biblical text, as indicated by “Hamartolos,” goes beyond mere wrongdoing or breaking of rules. It delves into the idea of falling short of a standard or ideal set by God. The term implies a deviation from the path of righteousness, highlighting the inherent imperfection and moral frailty of humankind.

When the term “Hamartolos” is used in the context of the Bible, it serves as a reminder of the universal human condition tainted by sin. It underscores the need for repentance and reconciliation with God to realign oneself with His will. The term portrays sin not just as an external transgression but as a deep-seated internal struggle that separates individuals from God.

Furthermore, the term “Hamartolos” emphasizes the accountability and responsibility individuals hold for their actions. It signifies a conscious choice to deviate from God’s intended path, highlighting the free will granted to humans and the consequences of their decisions.

Through the term “Hamartolos,” the Greek biblical text conveys a nuanced understanding of sin as a pervasive and complex phenomenon that pervades human existence. It prompts reflection on one’s actions, intentions, and relationship with God, inviting individuals to seek forgiveness and redemption.


In conclusion, the term “Hamartolos” in Greek, when considered in the context of the Bible, carries a profound meaning. It goes beyond a simple acknowledgment of sin or wrongdoing; it delves into the essence of human nature and our inherent inclination towards missing the mark of God’s perfect standard. Understanding the depth of this term enriches our comprehension of the concept of sin and our need for redemption. By exploring the origins and nuances of “Hamartolos,” we gain a deeper insight into the complexities of the human condition and the transformative power of grace and forgiveness as depicted in the biblical narrative.

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