July 1, 2024
Ministry Voice

Understanding the Meaning of Athumeo in Greek


Parts of Speech: Verb

Athumeo Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 1

  1. to be disheartened, dispirited, broken in spirit

What is the significance of the term “Athumeo” in Greek?

In the context of the Bible, the term “Athumeo” holds a significant meaning. Derived from the Greek word “áthumeo,” it is often translated as “to be angry” or “to be indignant” in English. This term is primarily found in the New Testament and is used in various passages to convey a sense of deep emotional agitation or anger.

One notable instance of the term “Athumeo” is in the Gospel of Mark, where Jesus enters the synagogue and encounters a man with a withered hand. The religious leaders present were watching Jesus closely to see if he would heal on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse him. In response to their hardness of heart and lack of compassion, Mark uses the term “Athumeo” to describe Jesus’ emotional response. This highlights the righteous anger Jesus felt towards their legalistic attitudes, emphasizing the importance of mercy and compassion over rigid adherence to rules.

How is “Athumeo” used in the context of the Bible?

The Greek word “Athumeo” holds a significant place in the Bible, appearing in the New Testament in the book of Ephesians. “Athumeo” is a verb that is used to convey a specific meaning related to being intoxicated or under the influence of alcohol. In Ephesians 5:18, the verse reads, “Do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit.”

Understanding the cultural context of the biblical times sheds light on the usage of the word “Athumeo” in this verse. In ancient Greek society, the consumption of wine was prevalent and often associated with excessive drinking and indulgence. The word “Athumeo” captures this idea of being overtaken by alcohol and losing control of oneself.

In the context of Ephesians 5:18, the contrast between being drunk with wine and being filled with the Spirit is striking. It emphasizes the importance of self-control and spiritual awareness. Instead of seeking temporary satisfaction through alcohol, the verse encourages believers to find fulfillment and purpose through the presence of the Holy Spirit in their lives.

The use of “Athumeo” in this passage serves as a reminder of the dangers of succumbing to earthly pleasures and the necessity of seeking spiritual nourishment and guidance. It reflects the broader biblical theme of living a life that is focused on God’s will and being transformed by His Spirit.

How Does the Meaning of “Athumeo” in Greek Influence Biblical Interpretations?

When delving into the nuances of Biblical texts, understanding the original Greek words used can significantly impact interpretations. One such word that holds depth and significance is “athumeo.” In the context of the Bible, “athumeo” appears in the New Testament in the book of Acts.

The Greek word “athumeo” (ἀθυμέω) translates to “to be disheartened” or “to lose courage.” This word encapsulates a feeling of dejection, despair, or loss of motivation. Understanding the full depth of this term can shed new light on various passages in the Bible where it is used.

In Acts 20:10, we encounter the usage of “athumeo” in the story of Eutychus, who fell from a window and was taken up dead. The text describes how Paul went down, embraced Eutychus, and said, “Do not be alarmed, for his life is in him.” In this context, the word “athumeo” highlights the emotional state of Eutychus’ companions who were deeply disheartened and distressed by the events that unfolded.

By grasping the meaning of “athumeo,” we gain insight into the emotional and psychological state of the characters in Biblical narratives. It allows us to empathize with their struggles, fears, and moments of weakness. Moreover, it serves as a reminder of the human experience captured in the pages of the Bible, where individuals faced real challenges and doubts.

In a broader theological sense, “athumeo” serves as a reminder of the importance of resilience and faith in the face of adversity. It prompts readers to reflect on how they respond to moments of despair and how they can find solace and strength in their beliefs.


In conclusion, the Greek word “athumeo” holds significant meaning in the context of the Bible. It conveys the idea of being disheartened or troubled, reflecting the human experience of facing challenges and difficulties. Understanding the nuances of this word enriches our interpretation of biblical texts, allowing us to grasp the depth of emotions and struggles faced by individuals in the narratives. Overall, delving into the Greek origins and meanings of words like “athumeo” enhances our appreciation of the timeless wisdom and relevance of the Bible in our lives.

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