July 10, 2024
Ministry Voice

Exploring the Meaning of Antapodoma in Greek


Parts of Speech: Noun Neuter

Antapodoma Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 2

  1. the thing paid back, requital


What is the significance of the Greek term “Antapodoma” in the New Testament scriptures?

In the New Testament scriptures, the Greek term “Antapodoma” holds a significant meaning that sheds light on the concept of reciprocity and retribution in the biblical context. The term “Antapodoma” is derived from the root words “anti,” meaning in return, and “apodidomi,” meaning to give back or to repay. When combined, “Antapodoma” signifies the act of repaying or returning something in response to an action.

Throughout the New Testament, the term “Antapodoma” is often used in the context of divine justice and judgment. In Romans 11:9, the Apostle Paul references the concept of Antapodoma when discussing the consequences of disobedience and rebellion against God. The verse reads, “And David says, ‘Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution (Antapodoma) for them.'”

The use of “Antapodoma” in this verse emphasizes the idea that God’s justice is perfect and that individuals will face consequences for their actions. It highlights the biblical principle that there will be a repayment or recompense for both good and evil deeds. This term serves as a reminder of the accountability individuals have before God and the importance of living a life in accordance with His will.

Additionally, in 2 Timothy 4:14, the Apostle Paul warns of a man named Alexander who did him much harm and urges Timothy to be aware of him, stating, “The Lord will repay him according to his deeds (Antapodoma).” This verse underscores the belief that ultimate justice belongs to God, who will repay each individual based on their actions.

How does the concept of Antapodoma contribute to the understanding of biblical teachings on forgiveness and redemption?

In the realm of biblical teachings on forgiveness and redemption, the concept of Antapodoma plays a crucial role in shedding light on the essence of these principles. The term “Antapodoma” originates from the Greek language and holds significant meaning in the context of the Bible. In Greek, “Antapodoma” can be translated to mean “a repayment in kind” or “recompense.”

When examining the concept of Antapodoma in the Bible, it is closely related to the ideas of forgiveness, redemption, and atonement. In essence, Antapodoma emphasizes the concept of repayment or recompense for wrongdoing. It touches upon the idea that there are consequences for one’s actions and that a form of restitution may be required.

Throughout various biblical passages, the concept of Antapodoma is intricately woven into the narratives of forgiveness and redemption. In Romans 12:19, the apostle Paul writes, “Do not take revenge, my dear friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: ‘It is mine to avenge; I will repay,’ says the Lord.” This verse highlights the idea of leaving retribution to the hands of God, who will ultimately bring about justice and repayment in His own time and manner.

Moreover, the concept of Antapodoma also brings to light the transformative power of forgiveness and reconciliation. In Colossians 3:13, believers are encouraged to “Bear with each other and forgive one another if any of you has a grievance against someone. Forgive as the Lord forgave you.” This verse underscores the importance of extending forgiveness to others, mirroring the grace and mercy that God has shown towards humanity.

In what contexts within the Bible is Antapodoma used, and how does it shape the narrative of those passages?

Antapodoma is a Greek word found in the Bible that holds significant meaning in specific passages. In Greek, Antapodoma translates to ‘recompense’ or ‘repayment,’ illustrating the concept of receiving what is due based on one’s actions or behavior.

One notable instance of Antapodoma in the Bible is found in Romans 11:9-10, where it is used to emphasize the idea of divine justice and retribution. The passage speaks of a spiritual blindness that has befallen some individuals as a form of recompense for their actions, highlighting the consequences of turning away from God.

Another impactful use of Antapodoma can be seen in 2 Timothy 4:14, where the Apostle Paul invokes the term to express his trust in God’s ultimate justice. Paul speaks of Alexander the coppersmith, who he claims did him great harm and urges Timothy to beware of his actions, indicating that he believes God will repay him according to his deeds.

The concept of Antapodoma also shapes the narrative in Colossians 3:24, where it is used to encourage believers in their faith. The passage conveys the idea that ultimately, it is the Lord Christ whom believers serve, knowing that they will receive the reward of the inheritance as their recompense.

In each of these contexts, Antapodoma serves to underscore the themes of justice, accountability, and divine retribution within the biblical narrative. It reminds readers of the importance of living according to God’s principles and the assurance that ultimately, everyone will receive their just repayment for their deeds.


In conclusion, understanding the meaning of the Greek word “Antapodoma” in the context of the Bible provides us with valuable insights into the reciprocal nature of God’s grace and human response. As we have explored its origins and usage in biblical texts, we have seen that Antapodoma signifies a giving back in return, especially in terms of repayment or recompense. This word reminds us of the importance of living a life of gratitude and obedience to God, acknowledging His gifts to us and responding with generosity and righteousness. By delving deeper into the significance of Antapodoma, we can deepen our understanding of the complex relationship between faith and works in the Christian faith.

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