July 10, 2024
Ministry Voice

Exploring the Meaning of Aner in Greek


Parts of Speech: Noun Masculine

Aner Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 210

  1. with reference to sex
    1. of a male
    2. of a husband
    3. of a betrothed or future husband
  2. with reference to age, and to distinguish an adult man from a boy
  3. any male
  4. used generically of a group of both men and women


What is the significance of the term Aner in Greek in the context of the Bible?

In the context of the Bible, the term “Aner” holds a significant meaning in Greek. The Greek word “Aner” appears in several key passages of the Bible and carries a deep theological significance that reflects the social norms and cultural values of the ancient world.

The term “Aner” in Greek is often used to refer to a man of valor, strength, and honor. In the New Testament, the word “Aner” is occasionally used to denote a husband or a male individual within a specific context. For example, in the Gospel of Luke, chapter 2, verse 36, the prophetess Anna is described as the daughter of Phanuel from the tribe of Asher. She is said to have lived with her husband for seven years after her marriage and then remained a widow until she was eighty-four. The term “husband” here is translated from the Greek word “Aner,” highlighting the marital status of Anna’s male companion.

Moreover, the term “Aner” is also found in the Old Testament, particularly in the Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures known as the Septuagint. In the book of Genesis, chapter 14, verse 24, Abraham declares to the king of Sodom that he will not take anything that belongs to him, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal, so that the king of Sodom would not be able to say, “I made Abram rich.” In this verse, the term “man” is translated from the Greek word “Aner,” emphasizing Abraham’s integrity and righteousness in his dealings with others.

How is Aner Mentioned in the Bible and What is its Historical Context?

In the Bible, the name “Aner” appears in the Old Testament, specifically in the book of Genesis. Aner was a prominent figure who played a role in the historical narrative of that time. Understanding the meaning of “Aner” in Greek can provide us with insights into the significance of this character and the events surrounding him.

The name “Aner” is of Greek origin and can be translated to mean “man” or “person.” In the context of the Bible, Aner is mentioned in Genesis 14:13 as one of the allies of Abram (later known as Abraham) during a military campaign. This event is known as the Battle of the Kings, where Abram and his allies fought against a coalition of kings who had invaded the land.

Aner, along with two other men named Eshcol and Mamre, joined Abram in pursuit of the enemy kings who had captured Abram’s nephew Lot. The bravery and loyalty of Aner and his companions are highlighted in this narrative, showcasing their willingness to stand by Abram in times of need.

The historical context of Aner’s mention in the Bible sheds light on the importance of alliances and loyalty during ancient times. In a world where warfare and territorial disputes were common, having strong allies like Aner was crucial for survival and protection.

By delving into the Greek meaning of “Aner” and exploring its significance in the biblical narrative, we can appreciate the role that this character played in supporting Abram and upholding values of courage, loyalty, and camaraderie. Aner serves as a reminder of the importance of solidarity and unity in overcoming challenges and achieving shared goals.

What role does Aner play in the biblical narrative, and how does it contribute to the overall story?

In the Bible, the name Aner appears in the Old Testament, specifically in the book of Genesis. Aner was a prominent figure who played a significant role in the biblical narrative, particularly in the context of the story of Abram. The name “Aner” comes from the Greek word “Ἄνηρ” (Anēr), which translates to “man” or “husband” in English.

Aner is mentioned in Genesis 14:13, which recounts the account of Abram (later known as Abraham) rescuing his nephew Lot, who had been captured during a battle between various kings. Aner, along with two other men, Eshcol and Mamre, joined Abram in pursuit of Lot’s captors. Aner’s involvement in this rescue mission highlights his loyalty and bravery, as well as his willingness to stand by Abram in times of need.

As a companion and ally of Abram, Aner’s presence signifies the importance of community, support, and unity in the biblical narrative. Together with Eshcol and Mamre, Aner exemplifies the value of standing together in solidarity and working towards a common goal. His actions demonstrate the power of friendship and collaboration in overcoming challenges and achieving victory.

Furthermore, Aner’s inclusion in the biblical narrative serves to emphasize the interconnectedness of individuals and the impact of their relationships on the larger story. His association with Abram showcases the significance of alliances and partnerships in fulfilling God’s purposes and advancing His plan for redemption and salvation.


In conclusion, the Greek word “Aner” holds a significant place in the context of the Bible, representing not just a simple term for a man, but carrying deeper connotations of strength, honor, and leadership. Through our exploration of its origins and usage in various biblical passages, we have gained a richer understanding of the multifaceted meanings encapsulated within this word. By delving into the historical and cultural context of the ancient Greek language, we can appreciate the nuances and complexities that lie behind seemingly straightforward terms like “Aner”. As we continue to study and reflect on the biblical texts, may we approach them with a renewed perspective, enriched by the linguistic insights that shed light on the profound messages encoded within every word and phrase.

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