July 10, 2024
Ministry Voice

Exploring the Meaning of Anepsios in Greek


Parts of Speech: Noun Masculine

Anepsios Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 1

  1. a cousin


What is the significance of the term “Anepsios” in Greek in the context of the Bible?

The term “Anepsios” in Greek holds a unique significance within the context of the Bible, offering insights into various relationships and connections mentioned in the scriptures. Interestingly, the term “Anepsios” is used to describe a cousin or kinsman in the New Testament.

In the biblical narrative, the concept of family and kinship plays a crucial role in understanding the dynamics of the early Christian communities. The term “Anepsios” helps in elucidating the familial ties that existed among individuals in the ancient world, particularly within the Jewish culture.

For instance, in Colossians 4:10, Mark is referred to as the cousin of Barnabas, with the term “Anepsios” being used to signify this relationship. This highlights the close bond between Mark and Barnabas, emphasizing the importance of kinship and familial connections in the early Christian community.

Moreover, the use of the term “Anepsios” underscores the interconnectedness of individuals within the biblical narrative, showcasing how relationships based on blood ties or family affiliations were valued and recognized in the New Testament.

In a broader sense, the term “Anepsios” serves as a reminder of the significance of family relationships and the community ethos prevalent in the biblical context. It highlights the idea of mutual support, care, and solidarity that characterized the early Christian congregations, mirroring the importance of kinship and family bonds in shaping individual identities and communal structures.

How is the concept of “Anepsios” explored in the New Testament scriptures?

The New Testament scriptures contain a rich tapestry of Greek words that convey deep theological truths. One such word is “Anepsios,” which holds particular significance in the context of familial relationships within the early Christian community.

In Greek, “Anepsios” refers to a nephew or a niece, specifically the child of one’s sibling. However, in the New Testament, the term is used in a broader sense to denote a close relative or kinsman. The concept of “Anepsios” is often intertwined with the idea of spiritual kinship and the bond that believers share in Christ.

One prominent example of the use of “Anepsios” in the New Testament can be found in Colossians 4:10, where Paul refers to Mark, the cousin of Barnabas, as his “Anepsios.” This designation highlights the close relationship and partnership that Paul and Mark shared in their ministry endeavors. It emphasizes the sense of familial unity and mutual support that defined the early Christian community.

Furthermore, the concept of “Anepsios” is also reflected in the teachings of Jesus, particularly in Mark 3:35, where he declares, “Whoever does the will of God is my brother and sister and mother.” This statement underscores the idea that spiritual kinship transcends biological ties and is based on a shared commitment to following God’s will.

What role do “Anepsios” relationships play in the early Christian community as depicted in the Bible?

In the early Christian community as depicted in the Bible, relationships played a crucial role in the spread of the teachings of Jesus Christ. One of the lesser-known relationships mentioned in the New Testament is the concept of “Anepsios,” a term with significant meaning in the Greek language in the context of the Bible.

The word “Anepsios” in Greek refers to a cousin or kinsman, someone who is closely related by blood. In the New Testament, this term is used to describe the relationship between various individuals who were part of the early Christian community. While the specific individuals referred to as “Anepsios” are not always clearly identified, it is evident that these relationships played a vital role in the growth and development of the early Church.

One prominent example of an “Anepsios” relationship in the Bible is the bond between Barnabas and Mark. In Colossians 4:10, Mark is referred to as the cousin of Barnabas, highlighting the close familial connection between these two individuals. This relationship had a significant impact on the early Christian community, as Barnabas played a crucial role in supporting and mentoring Mark in his ministry.

The concept of “Anepsios” relationships extends beyond familial ties to encompass the broader idea of spiritual kinship within the Christian community. In Romans 16:7, Andronicus and Junia are referred to as Paul’s kinsmen, indicating a deep bond of fellowship and shared faith among believers. These relationships provided mutual support, encouragement, and accountability as early Christians navigated the challenges of spreading the Gospel in a hostile world.

Furthermore, the emphasis on “Anepsios” relationships in the early Christian community underscores the importance of unity and cohesion among believers. By recognizing and nurturing these close bonds of kinship, early Christians were able to strengthen their faith, withstand persecution, and bear witness to the transformative power of Christ’s message.


In conclusion, the term “Anepsios” holds a significant meaning in the context of the Bible. As we have explored its origins and implications, we see that this Greek word goes beyond a simple translation of “cousin” and delves into the deeper relationships and connections within the early Christian community. Understanding the nuances of these familial bonds enriches our comprehension of the biblical narratives and the cultural context in which they were written. By exploring the Greek language of the Bible, we gain valuable insights that enhance our understanding and appreciation of the sacred text.

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