July 8, 2024
Ministry Voice

Understanding the Significance of Androphonos in Greek


Parts of Speech: Noun Masculine

Androphonos Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 1

  1. a murderer

What is the significance of the term “Androphonos” in Greek as used in the Bible?

In the Greek New Testament, the term “Androphonos” appears in the book of Acts 22:4. This word holds significant meaning within the biblical context, shedding light on the persecution of early Christians and the transformation of one such persecutor, Saul of Tarsus, into the apostle Paul.

The term “Androphonos” is a compound word originating from the Greek words “aner” and “phone,” which together form the concept of a “man-slayer” or “murderer.” In Acts 22:4, Paul uses this term to describe his past actions before his conversion to Christianity. Paul confesses to his previous role as a persecutor of Christians, illustrating the drastic change that occurred in his life upon encountering Christ on the road to Damascus.

The significance of “Androphonos” lies in its portrayal of the transformative power of faith and the forgiveness offered through redemption. Through his use of this term, Paul acknowledges his past atrocities but also highlights the mercy and grace extended to him through his acceptance of Christ as his savior.

In the broader context of the Bible, the term “Androphonos” points to the themes of repentance, forgiveness, and the inclusive nature of God’s love. It highlights the universal message of salvation offered to all, regardless of past actions or beliefs. Through the example of Paul’s conversion, the term “Androphonos” serves as a powerful testament to the boundless grace and transformative power of God in the lives of believers.

Why was the term “Androphonos” used in specific contexts within the Bible?

In the Greek text of the Bible, the term “Androphonos” appears in specific contexts to convey a particular meaning that is crucial to understanding the implications of the passage. The word “Androphonos” is a combination of two Greek words: “Andros,” meaning “man,” and “phonos,” meaning “murder” or “killer.” Therefore, “Androphonos” can be translated to mean “man-slayer” or “murderer of men.”

One instance where the term “Androphonos” is used in the Bible is in the book of Matthew, chapter 15, verse 19, where Jesus speaks about the things that defile a person. He says, “For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander.” Here, the term “Androphonos” is used to emphasize the seriousness of the act of intentionally taking the life of another human being.

Another significant mention of “Androphonos” is found in the book of Revelation, in chapter 21, verse 8, where it is listed among the sins that will exclude individuals from inheriting the kingdom of God. The verse reads, “But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars – they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death.”

The use of the term “Androphonos” in these contexts within the Bible serves to underscore the gravity of the crime of murder and its moral implications. It highlights the inherent value of human life and condemns the act of unlawfully taking it. By specifically identifying murderers as “Androphonos,” the Bible emphasizes the intentional and unjust nature of their actions, reinforcing the importance of upholding the sanctity of life.

How does the concept of “Androphonos” in Greek contribute to the understanding of biblical narratives and characters?

The Greek word “Androphonos” holds a significant place in understanding various biblical narratives and characters. In the context of the Bible, “Androphonos” is often translated as “man-slayer” or “murderer.” This term appears in both the Old and New Testaments, shedding light on the consequences of taking another person’s life unjustly.

One of the most prominent instances of the term “Androphonos” can be found in the Ten Commandments given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The sixth commandment states, “You shall not murder,” with the original Hebrew word for “murder” being “ratsach.” In the Greek Septuagint translation of the Old Testament, “ratsach” is translated as “Androphonos,” emphasizing the gravity of unlawfully taking a life.

The concept of “Androphonos” is further exemplified in the New Testament, specifically in the teachings of Jesus Christ. In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus expands on the commandment against murder by delving into the deeper implications of harboring anger and hatred in one’s heart. He equates anger with murder, highlighting the spiritual consequences of carrying hatred towards others.

By exploring the meaning of “Androphonos” in Greek within the context of the Bible, we gain valuable insights into the moral implications of taking a life, the importance of mercy and forgiveness, and the deeper spiritual consequences of harboring negative emotions. It serves as a reminder of the sanctity of human life and the call to live in harmony and love, as exemplified by the teachings of Jesus and the overarching message of the Scriptures.


In conclusion, the term “Androphonos” holds a significant and poignant meaning in the context of the Bible. This Greek word, which translates to “man-slayer” or “murderer” in English, appears in the New Testament to describe individuals who commit acts of violence or engage in wrongful taking of human life. Understanding the deeper cultural and historical implications of the term “Androphonos” sheds light on the moral imperatives and consequences associated with violence and murder within the biblical narrative. By delving into the origins and significance of this Greek word, we gain a richer understanding of the ethical principles and teachings conveyed in the sacred text.

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