July 1, 2024
Ministry Voice

Understanding the Meaning of Agrios in Greek


Parts of Speech: Adjective

Agrios Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 3

  1. living or growing in the fields or woods
    1. of animals, wild, savage
    2. of countries, wild, uncultivated, unreclaimed
  2. of men and animals in a moral sense, wild savage, fierce
    1. boorish, rude
    2. of any violent passion, vehement, furious

What is the etymological origin of the word “Agrios” in Greek within the context of the Bible?

The Greek word “Agrios” holds significance within the context of the Bible, carrying a rich history and cultural value. Understanding the etymological roots of this word can shed light on its deeper meaning within Biblical texts.

The term “Agrios” originated from the ancient Greek language, deriving from the word “agrios” (ἄγριος) which translates to “wild” or “savage.” In the context of the Bible, this word is often used to describe wilderness, desolate places, or untamed land. The connotation of wildness in “Agrios” signifies a sense of untouched, uncontrolled nature, evoking imagery of rugged landscapes and uninhabited terrains.

When examining the Biblical usage of “Agrios,” the word is frequently employed to symbolize isolation, danger, or harsh conditions. It can represent the challenges faced by individuals in the wilderness, the struggles of navigating unfamiliar terrain, or the solitude experienced in remote locations. The concept of wildness conveyed by “Agrios” serves as a metaphor for the trials and tribulations encountered on spiritual journeys or in times of hardship.

Moreover, “Agrios” is associated with untamed animals or beasts in the Bible, emphasizing their primal, instinctual nature. This imagery is used to illustrate the fierce, uncontrollable aspects of creation and the need for divine intervention to overcome threats posed by the wild.

In essence, the word “Agrios” in Greek holds a profound meaning in the Biblical context, symbolizing wilderness, wildness, and the challenges of navigating untamed terrain. Its etymological origin reflects a sense of raw, unbridled nature, highlighting the inherent struggles and dangers present in the wild. By delving into the roots of this word, we gain a deeper appreciation for its symbolic significance in the rich tapestry of Biblical narratives.

How is the term “Agrios” used in the New Testament and what significance does it hold?

In the New Testament, the term “Agrios” has significant meaning and usage in various contexts. The word “Agrios” originates from the Greek language and carries a depth of meaning that enriches the biblical text. Understanding the significance of “Agrios” sheds light on the portrayal of wildness, ferocity, and untamed aspects in the Bible.

The term “Agrios” is often used to describe wild animals or beasts in the New Testament. In its literal sense, it refers to creatures that are fierce, savage, or living in the wild. The mention of “Agrios” creatures can be found in passages like Matthew 8:28, where it describes demon-possessed individuals living among the tombs, behaving in a wild and uncontrollable manner.

Beyond its literal usage, “Agrios” is also employed metaphorically to portray human qualities or behaviors. For instance, in 2 Timothy 3:3, the term is used to characterize people in the last days as “unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good.” Here, “Agrios” conveys the idea of untamed, unrestrained, and morally wild behavior.

In what ways does the concept of “Agrios” connect to theological themes in Biblical narratives?

In the context of the Bible, the term “Agrios” holds significant theological implications that resonate throughout various narratives. Derived from the Greek language, “Agrios” typically translates to “wild” or “savage” when employed in the Scriptures. This word is not merely descriptive but carries underlying theological nuances that shed light on the divine mysteries and concepts presented in the Biblical text.

One prominent instance where the concept of “Agrios” is employed is in the book of Mark, where it is used to describe John the Baptist. John is depicted as wearing clothing made of camel’s hair and subsisting on locusts and wild honey, living in the wilderness or “agrios” in Greek. This portrayal of John as a wild and unconventional figure serves to underscore his prophetic role and distinctiveness in preparing the way for the Messiah.

Furthermore, the wilderness or “agrios” is frequently utilized in the Bible as a place of testing, purification, and encounter with the divine. The Israelites’ forty years of wandering in the wilderness, Jesus’ temptation in the desert, and the revelation of God to Elijah on Mount Horeb are all instances where the concept of “Agrios” signifies a spiritual journey, a period of solitude, and a place of divine revelation.

Moreover, the wild and untamed qualities associated with “Agrios” can also be attributed to the sinful nature of humanity. In the Parable of the Prodigal Son, the younger son’s reckless and indulgent behavior can be likened to the wildness or savageness symbolized by “Agrios.” His departure into a distant country and descent into debauchery reflect the waywardness and moral decay that distance individuals from God.

In a broader theological sense, the concept of “Agrios” serves as a reminder of the contrasting forces at play in the spiritual realm – the wildness of human nature and the call to embrace discipline, obedience, and righteousness as exemplified in the lives of the prophets, saints, and ultimately, Jesus Christ himself.

Therefore, the term “Agrios” in Greek, when contextualized within Biblical narratives, not only conveys a sense of wilderness and untamed nature but also carries profound theological implications related to prophecy, purification, testing, and the struggle between the sinful self and the call to holiness. In exploring these themes, one can gain deeper insights into the complexities of human nature, the divine plan, and the ultimate triumph of God’s grace and redemption.


In conclusion, the Greek word “agrios” in the context of the Bible carries a rich and nuanced meaning. While it is commonly translated as “wild” or “savage,” a deeper exploration reveals its significance in depicting the untamed and uncontrolled aspects of nature. This word is often used to describe the fierce or destructive elements of the world, emphasizing the power and unpredictability of the natural world. Understanding the meaning of “agrios” helps illuminate the biblical texts and provides a deeper insight into the complexities of the ancient Greek language and its impact on biblical interpretation.

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