July 1, 2024
Ministry Voice

Understanding the Significance of Agonia in Greek


Parts of Speech: Noun Feminine

Agonia Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 1

  1. a struggle for victory
    1. gymnastic exercise, wrestling
  2. of severe mental struggles and emotions, agony, anguish

What is the significance of Agonia in Greek in the context of Jesus’ suffering in the Garden of Gethsemane?

In the biblical narrative of Jesus’ suffering in the Garden of Gethsemane before his crucifixion, the term “Agonia” holds significant meaning in Greek. Agonia, in the original Greek text of the Bible, refers to a state of intense struggle, agony, and mental anguish. This word encapsulates the profound emotional and spiritual turmoil that Jesus experienced as he prayed to God the Father, wrestling with the impending burden of his crucifixion.

The Gospel accounts depict Jesus entering the Garden of Gethsemane with his disciples, where he expressed his distress to them, saying, “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death” (Matthew 26:38). The term “Agonia” embodies the depth of his anguish at that moment, reflecting his inner turmoil and the weight of the suffering he was about to endure for the salvation of humanity.

The significance of Agonia in the context of Jesus’ suffering in the Garden of Gethsemane lies in the portrayal of his humanity and his divine mission. Despite knowing the purpose for which he came into the world, Jesus, in his humanity, experienced genuine anguish and fear as he faced the prospect of the crucifixion. The term Agonia captures the intensity of his struggle and the depth of his commitment to fulfilling the will of God even in the face of overwhelming suffering.

As believers reflect on the significance of Agonia in the context of Jesus’ suffering in the Garden of Gethsemane, they are reminded of the depth of Christ’s love and sacrifice. The term Agonia serves as a poignant reminder of the price paid for humanity’s salvation and the unwavering commitment of Jesus to fulfill his mission on earth. It invites believers to contemplate the profound mystery of Christ’s suffering and to draw strength from his example of faith, surrender, and obedience to God’s will.

How does the term Agonia align with the themes of spiritual struggle and prayer in the New Testament?

In the context of the Bible, the term “Agonia” holds deep significance related to spiritual struggle and prayer. This Greek word is used in the New Testament and conveys a sense of intense conflict, specifically in the spiritual realm. Understanding the meaning and implications of Agonia sheds light on the themes of inner turmoil and fervent prayer found throughout the scriptures.

The term Agonia appears in the Gospel of Luke 22:44, where it is used to describe Jesus’ experience in the Garden of Gethsemane before his arrest and crucifixion. It is written, “And being in agony, he prayed more earnestly. Then his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.” Here, Agonia signifies Jesus’ deep emotional and spiritual struggle as he grapples with the weight of his impending sacrifice.

The concept of Agonia aligns with the broader themes of spiritual warfare and the inner conflicts faced by believers in their journey of faith. It symbolizes the intense battle between flesh and spirit, highlighting the need for perseverance and unwavering trust in God. Through prayer and supplication, individuals can find strength in moments of Agonia, seeking solace and guidance in the face of adversity.

Moreover, Agonia underscores the importance of fervent prayer as a means of facing spiritual challenges. In the Book of James 5:16, believers are encouraged to “pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.” This verse emphasizes the transformative power of prayer in times of struggle, illustrating how seeking God’s presence can bring comfort and resolution amidst Agonia.

In what ways does the concept of Agonia offer insight into the emotional and physical anguish experienced by Jesus before his crucifixion in the Bible?

The concept of “Agonia” holds significant meaning in the biblical narrative leading up to Jesus Christ’s crucifixion. The term “Agonia” originates from the Greek word “ἀγωνία,” which encompasses a deep sense of emotional and physical agony, often associated with intense struggle or conflict. In the context of the Bible, this term provides valuable insight into the profound suffering experienced by Jesus in the moments preceding his crucifixion.

In the Gospel of Luke 22:44, a poignant scene unfolds in the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus prays fervently before his impending crucifixion. The text describes Jesus being in such agony that “his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.” This depiction of agonizing distress showcases the depth of Jesus’ emotional turmoil as he grapples with the weight of his impending sacrifice.

By delving into the meaning of “Agonia” within the biblical context, we gain a deeper understanding of the immense sacrifice and suffering that Jesus willingly embraced for the salvation of humanity. His emotional and physical anguish, encapsulated in the concept of Agonia, serves as a powerful reminder of the depth of his love and the magnitude of his sacrifice for mankind.


In conclusion, the term “Agonia” in Greek holds significant meaning within the context of the Bible. It symbolizes the intense struggle and inner turmoil Jesus faced in the Garden of Gethsemane before his crucifixion, highlighting the depth of his suffering and sacrifice for humanity. Understanding the rich significance of this word adds a deeper layer of understanding to the biblical narrative, emphasizing the humanity and divinity of Jesus Christ. Through exploring the origins and contextual meaning of “Agonia,” we gain insight into the emotional and spiritual dimensions of this pivotal moment in Christian theology.

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