July 1, 2024
Ministry Voice

Understanding the Meaning of Adunatos in Greek


Parts of Speech: Adjective

Adunatos Definition

NAS Word Usage – Total: 10

  1. without strength, impotent, powerless, weakly, disabled
  2. unable to be done, impossible

What is the etymology of the Greek word Adunatos in the Bible?

The Greek word “Adunatos” is a term that appears in the New Testament of the Bible. It is a word of significant theological and philosophical importance, often translated as “impossible” or “unable” in English. To understand the full depth of its meaning in the context of the Bible, it is essential to explore its etymology and linguistic roots.

The word “Adunatos” in Greek is a compound word derived from the prefix “a-” meaning “not” or “without,” and “dunatos” meaning “able” or “possible.” Therefore, when these two elements are combined, “Adunatos” conveys the idea of something that is inherently impossible or unable to be done. This word is used to express the absolute inability or incapacity of an action or event to occur.

In the biblical context, the term “Adunatos” is often used to highlight the limitations of human power and capability in contrast to the unlimited power of God. It serves as a reminder of the divine omnipotence and sovereignty that transcends human understanding. The word is frequently used to emphasize the miraculous and extraordinary nature of God’s works, underscoring that certain feats are beyond the realm of human ability.

One notable instance of the word “Adunatos” in the Bible can be found in the Gospel of Matthew 19:26, where Jesus says, “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.” Here, the term is employed to underscore the idea that while certain tasks may be unachievable by human standards, they are entirely achievable through the power and intervention of God.

In essence, the word “Adunatos” encapsulates the concept of divine omnipotence and serves as a poignant reminder of the limitations of human strength and understanding. It underscores the transcendent power of God and His ability to accomplish the seemingly impossible. Thus, when encountered in the Bible, the word “Adunatos” invites readers to ponder the profound mysteries of faith and the boundless capabilities of the divine.

How is the term Adunatos used in different biblical contexts?

In the Bible, the term “Adunatos” holds significant meaning in various contexts. Understanding the Greek word “Adunatos” in biblical passages sheds light on the depth of the message intended by the writers of the Scriptures.

Adunatos, pronounced ah-doo’-nat-os in Greek, is often translated as “impossible” in English versions of the Bible. The term derives from the root words “a,” meaning “without,” and “dunatos,” meaning “able” or “possible.” When combined, Adunatos signifies something that is unable to be done, achieved, or believed.

One prominent biblical context in which Adunatos appears is in Matthew 19:26, where Jesus declares, “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.” Here, Adunatos underscores the limitations of human capability contrasted with the unlimited power and sovereignty of God. This verse emphasizes the necessity of faith and reliance on God’s strength to accomplish what seems impossible through human effort alone.

In another instance, Hebrews 6:18 references Adunatos in relation to God’s promises, stating that it is impossible for God to lie. This usage emphasizes the unchanging and reliable nature of God’s character, underscoring the trustworthiness of His word and faithfulness to His covenant with believers.

Additionally, in Mark 10:27, Jesus reiterates the concept of Adunatos in the context of salvation, affirming that human salvation is unattainable through personal merit but is made possible by God’s grace and intervention. This verse emphasizes the essential role of divine intervention in overcoming spiritual obstacles that humans cannot overcome on their own.

What theological implications are associated with the concept of Adunatos in Greek theology and biblical interpretation?

The Greek word “Adunatos” holds significant theological implications in both Greek theology and biblical interpretation. In the context of the Bible, “Adunatos” is often translated as “impossible,” “powerless,” or “weak.” This term appears in various passages, shedding light on the limits of human abilities and emphasizing the omnipotence and sovereignty of God.

In Greek theology, the concept of Adunatos is closely tied to the idea of God’s absolute power and authority over all creation. It highlights the incapacity of humans to achieve certain things on their own, underscoring the need for divine intervention and grace. By understanding the limitations denoted by Adunatos, individuals can recognize their dependence on God and acknowledge His ultimate control over every circumstance.

In the New Testament, the word Adunatos is used in passages such as Matthew 19:26, where Jesus declares, “With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.” Here, Adunatos emphasizes the inadequacy of human effort in achieving salvation and righteousness, pointing to the necessity of God’s divine intervention for redemption.

The concept of Adunatos challenges individuals to surrender their pride and self-sufficiency, recognizing that true strength and victory come from relying on God’s strength and wisdom. It serves as a reminder of the futility of human endeavors without God’s assistance and prompts believers to seek divine guidance and empowerment in all aspects of life.


In conclusion, the Greek word “adunatos” holds significant importance in the context of the Bible. Throughout the scriptures, it is used to convey the concept of something being impossible or unable to be done by human effort alone. Understanding the deeper meaning of “adunatos” provides insight into the limitations of human ability and the necessity of relying on God’s power and grace. By studying the origins and usage of this word, we can gain a greater appreciation for the profound truths and lessons found within the biblical text.

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